Natural History Unit 1: Classification and Taxonomy

Unit 1: Classification and Taxonomy (Question-based Objectives)

Keywords– Field Notebook, Linnaean classification, taxonomy, binomial nomenclature, scientific name, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species, phylogenetic tree

Objectives

1. What is a field notebook, and how do you create one?

2. What is classification?

3. How do we group all of the living things on the Planet?

4. How can classification show how closely related different species are to each other?

Activities/Labs

1. Taking Field Notes and Activities to Develop Observational Skills (LUTS 3 and 4)

2. Field Notebook Directions

3. Classification Worksheet

4. Fantasy Classification (LUTS 13)

5. Create Fantasy Classification Concept Map (by gluing critters on large paper and giving Kingdom, Phylum, Class, etc. names to critters)

Extensions-

1. Research and explain limitations to Linnaean Classification.

2. Research and explain how biological evolution relates to Linnaean Classification.

3. Research and explain what is meant by “all phylogenetic trees are hypotheses”.

Further Research: Carolus Linnaeus, taxonomy, systematics, fossil record, molecular homologies, morphological homologies, phylogenetic trees, cladograms, shared derived characters, monophyletic groups, paraphyletic groups, polyphyletic groups, molecular clocks, LUCA (Last Universal Common Ancestor), etc.

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